Melnyk Nataliya Mykolaivna Мельник Наталія Миколаївна


The article gives a theoretical analysis of the problem of overcoming anxiety as a means of increasing the success of adolescents. The content of notion of anxiety in studies of foreign and domestic scientists is reviewed. Author summarizes the views of various researchers, and proves that there is a duality in its understanding. On the one hand, anxiety is considered as a subjective ill-being of the individual that negatively affects his social interaction and self-esteem; on the other hand, anxiety has a positive function mobilizing the person in certain situations. Social and school anxiety is allocated such that occur most often in adolescence among types of anxiety. Social anxiety involves the fear of being badly judged, criticized, did not appear in the best light, the other significant score. School anxiety is associated with educational congestion; the inability of the student to cope with the school program; inappropriate expectations on the part of the parents; adverse relationships with teachers; assessment and exam situations that are repeated regularly; a change in the school community or the rejection of children's groups.

It is proved that the optimal level of anxiety stimulates learning and makes it more effective and successful; but when level of anxiety exceeds the optimal limit, it disrupts educational activities.

Keywords: anxiety; school anxiety; causes of anxiety; achievement in education.

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